Hibisco: Cómo cultivar en maceta o en el jardín la flor de la rosa de Jamaica: consejos y trucos.

El hibisco, con el nombre científico de Hibiscus L., es un género de plantas que pertenece a la familia de las Malváceas y abarca más de 400 especies. Su nombre tiene raíces griegas y probablemente fue asignado por Dioscórides. En este artículo, exploraremos juntos todo el proceso de cultivo tanto en maceta como en tierra, proporcionando detalles paso a paso. ¡Síganme!

Este arbusto se cultiva en jardines como planta ornamental, con la capacidad de superar los 2 metros de altura durante su crecimiento. Sus hojas, de forma ovalada y color verde oscuro, contrastan con las flores que varían en tonalidades, desde el rojo hasta el rosa, pasando por el blanco y el violeta, pero predominan principalmente en tonos rojos. Las plantas de hibisco más compactas también pueden cultivarse en maceta, pero una vez crecidas, se recomienda trasladarlas al exterior. La elección entre cultivar la planta en el interior o en el exterior depende de las condiciones climáticas de la zona en la que se vive: en el interior para climas fríos y en el exterior para climas templados. La propagación puede iniciarse mediante esquejes en primavera, utilizando una planta existente, o mediante semillas. Si optan por las semillas, se recomienda comenzar siempre con esquejes o adquirir una planta lista para trasplantar en el jardín o para ser trasladada a una maceta.

Si solo tienen semillas disponibles, pueden sembrarlas en macetas con tierra rica en nutrientes y bien drenada. La planta requiere una ubicación luminosa y cálida, ya que el frío puede perjudicarla. En el caso del cultivo en maceta, es necesario resguardarla en casa durante el invierno. Normalmente, el hibisco al aire libre puede beneficiarse de las precipitaciones, pero es recomendable regarlo de vez en cuando, especialmente cuando las plantas son jóvenes, para fomentar el crecimiento. Asegúrense siempre de utilizar una tierra rica en nutrientes, fresca y bien drenada. Eviten el estancamiento de agua en los platillos de las macetas y elijan recipientes de tamaño adecuado para el crecimiento de la planta.

Un dato interesante es que las flores de hibisco, conocidas por su ligero sabor ácido, pueden usarse para preparar una deliciosa bebida refrescante y saludable: el karkadé. Entonces, ¿a qué esperan? Anímense a cultivar esta fascinante planta.

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